The application of printing on textile products

water slurry printing

This is the earliest printing technology used in my country. The main component is water, supplemented by various adhesives, thickeners, colors, etc. The printing method is similar to dyeing, but the difference is that a specific part of the fabric is “dyed” The color required for the flower position.

Water slurry printing is the most common and can be printed on light-colored fabrics. It has low cost, fast printing, and high color fastness. Cotton is the best and is suitable for printing various large-area patterns.

Different from glue printing, water slurry printing cannot be printed on dark-colored fabrics, and the fabrics it can be used for are extremely limited. It cannot be printed on special fabrics such as leather. The printing has no feel but has minimal impact on the fabric.

Common summer T-shirts are best made of water slurry. The printed parts can maintain good breathability and are washable when worn in summer.

silicone printing

Printing silicone is suitable for manual table screen printing, turntable screen printing and webbing machine printing. It is a special liquid silicone that can be firmly adhered to the surface of textiles through screen printing.

Silicone has a rich hand feel, diverse textures, and good decorative effects. It is often used to display logos. It has good adhesion, excellent peel strength, abrasion resistance, brightness, and washing fastness. Its thickness and texture can be customized according to actual requirements. Adjustment.
The disadvantages are high cost, not suitable for large-area printing, and often can only be used as auxiliary decoration. It is not suitable for use on underwear and other clothing, as it can easily produce foreign matter and friction.

Glue overcomes the shortcomings of water slurry printing: glue is widely used and can be printed on almost any common fabric including leather, artificial leather, and blended fabrics, and can also be printed on clothing of any color. The color of glue is richer and more beautiful, and the degree of color restoration is much higher than that of water slurry printing.
However, the gluing process is complicated and the cost is high. If inferior raw materials are used, it will easily crack and fall off later; the glue printing part has poor air permeability and is not suitable for printing on very large areas.

The principle of foam printing is to improve the glue paddle process, add high-expansion chemical reagents to the glue, and then expand it at high temperatures to achieve a “relief” general printing effect.
Foam printing is also a process that has been widely used by various fashion brands in recent years. It can greatly enhance the texture of the pattern and improve the feel of the fabric.

The printing speed of foam printing is faster and the coverage is more uniform, but the final hand feeling temperature is greatly affected. Once the foam of the printing paste bursts, the viscosity will drop significantly, and the paint will flow into the fabric. At the same time, the color fastness of foam printing is unstable and the feel is unpredictable.

flock printing

Flocking printing is also a special form of printing that has become more popular in recent years. Its principle is to screen-print the desired pattern, which is equivalent to glue, and then attach the entire colored wool to the garment. After high-temperature hot pressing rip off.

Flocking printing has a strong three-dimensional effect, realistic graphics, and excellent hand and texture, but the cost is higher than ordinary printing. It is suitable for the realization of logos and simple patterns.

Thick printing

This process is based on glue and uses multiple printing techniques to achieve distinct effects of high and low levels. Print a pattern that feels bumpy to the touch.
Compared with silicone, this process can be used in all colors, and the pattern is more delicate and layered. If the glue is of high quality, it can produce a texture similar to a micro seal.
Thick plate printing, especially 3D thick plate printing, has certain restrictions on fineness and requires the pattern to be as thick as possible. The common thickness is 0.4mm, and the cost is higher than other general printing processes.

The principle of reflective printing is to add 3M reflective glass beads into the slurry. After molding, a reflective layer is formed. The reflective layer reflects the light through the transparent beads to the vicinity of the light source, thus producing very bright reflected light.

There is also a heat transfer 3M reflective film process that can also achieve reflective effects – the pattern is made by laser engraving, and then fixed on the fabric through heat transfer. The edges are smoother and the rendering effect is better.

Reflective printing was often used in special work clothes and night cycling clothes, but now it has become a commonly used element in fashion brands. Reflective printing is soft, delicate in texture, and has strong antioxidant capacity while maintaining good color fastness.
Reflective printing on dark fabrics has the best effect. The reflective coating is transparent and can be used in any color. The gray pattern has the best reflective effect. The most reflective.

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